REVIEW ARTICLE


Nanotechnology-Based Weapons: A Potential Approach for COVID-19



Fahima Dilnawaz1, *, #, Ranjita Misra2, #, Sarbari Acharya3, *
1 Laboratory of Nanomedicine, Institute of Life Sciences, Nalco Square, Chandrasekharpur, Bhubaneswar-751023, Odisha, India
2 Centre for Molecular and Nanomedicinal Sciences, Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai-600119, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Biology, School of Applied Sciences, KIIT Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar-751024, Odisha, India


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Creative Commons License
© 2021 Dilnawaz et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to these authors at Laboratory of Nanomedicine, Institute of Life Sciences, Nalco Square, Bhubaneswar-751023, Odisha, India and Department of Biology, School of Applied Sciences, KIIT Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar-751024, Odisha, India;
E-mails: fahimadilnawaz@gmail.com; sarbariacharya@gmail.com

#
These authors contributed equally to this work


Abstract

In the last few decades, viral infections have caused a greater number of health constraints worldwide. This havoc has created challenges for the healthcare system. Since the pandemic began, COVID-19 has killed more than 2.5 million people across the world. We are still witnessing deaths daily due to the deadly virus SARS-CoV-2 which is the causative agent for COVID-19. Thus, there is an increasing concern about finding an apt way to control the spread of this virus. Recently, the application of nanotechnology-based approaches has emerged as a ground-breaking step in the medical sector owing to their potential for accurate diagnosis and specific treatment in a wide range of health problems, including viral diseases. Therefore, the implementation of nanotechnology can be an articulate strategy to confront the rising distress of COVID-19. The present review particularly emphasizes the perception of several nanoformulation-based approaches as an appropriate means to safeguard mankind against COVID-19.

Keywords: Nanoparticles, COVID-19, Coronavirus, Nanovaccine, Nanobiosensors, Nanodecoys.