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COVID-19 Outbreak in India: A Review of Preventive Measures and Challenges during the First Wave



Rajan Kumar1, *
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dr B R Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab-144011, India


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© 2021 Rajan Kumar

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dr B R Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab-144011, India; E-mail: rajan.rana9008@gmail.com, rajank@nitj.ac.in


Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases in India, the world's second most populous country, have been increasing rapidly in recent months, challenging India's ability to deal with this viral pandemic. The Government of India (GoI) and the States/UTs have taken a number of “pre-emptive, pro-active and graded” measures to prevent, contain, and manage COVID-19 in the country. These preventive measures and decisions taken by the GoI helped to stem the first wave of COVID-19 in the nation. Such measures and decisions were reviewed and monitored on a regular basis. The GoI followed a graded response approach, and ensured that there is no shortage of supplies of critical items, including medical Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), N95 masks, test kits, medications, and ventilators, across the country. The government ensured the establishment of COVID-19 hospitals at both the Center and the State to take care of the infected patients. Nations like India are at higher risk due to their large population density, inadequate infrastructure, and healthcare systems to satisfy extremely high demands.

Keywords: COVID-19, Preventive measures, Challenges, Infectious disease, Outbreak, Viral pandemic.