RESEARCH ARTICLE


A Survey on COVID-19 pandemic in Karnataka State, India



Arunkumar Lagashetty1, *, Vijaykumar Malashetty2, Sangappa K Ganiger3, Shashidhar4, Hanumesh Vaidya5
1 Department of Studies in Chemistry, Vijayanagara Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Ballari, 583105 Karnataka, India
2 Department of Studies in Zoology, Vijayanagara Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Ballari, 583105 Karnataka, India
3 Department of Engineering Physics, Government Engineering College Raichur, 584135 Karnataka, India
4 Department of Chemistry, SDM College of Engineering and Technology, Dharwad, 580002 Karnataka, India
5 Department of Studies in Mathematics, Vijayanagara Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Ballari, 583105 Karnataka, India


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Creative Commons License
© 2022 Lagashetty et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Studies in Chemistry, Vijayanagara Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Ballari, 583105 Karnataka, India; Tel: +91-9448830309; E-mail: arun.lagashetty@gmail.com


Abstract

Aim:

The present study is aimed to survey and provide a detailed analysis of the spreading of the coronavirus and the controlling methods adopted in the state of Karnataka during the first three months.

Background:

Coronavirus has spread rapidly worldwide at a faster rate through primary contact followed by secondary contact without any symptoms in the initial stages and later on leading to fatalities. The viral spread was from person-to-person through the phylum droplets produced when an infected person sneezed or coughed. The increasing number of infected cases had put pressure on scientists worldwide to find a cure for it. Hence, a detailed survey may help control the viral spread by proper precautions with medication.

Objective:

The present report is a detailed survey of the coronavirus in the Karnataka state. It also reveals the entry of the coronavirus and its effects in the Karnataka state. Different lockdowns, day-wise, reported cases and also death cases are surveyed, which are discussed by plotting the required graph. Some medications and their implementations have also been discussed in the report.

Materials and Methods:

The data of the first three months has been considered to study the cumulative positive and death cases reported from the official website of the Karnataka state government and has been tabulated in the required form. Three-dimensional bar graphs have been traced using this data and the complete data has been analysed thoroughly.

Results:

Initially, the complete analysis of the positive and death cases has been revealed, referring to the four lockdown phases with bar graphs. Then, it was found that the increase in the number of positive and death cases was due to the increase in viral spread. In fact, the result of the concept of implementing Janata Curfew before the lockdown system was successful due to a good response from the public. However, some of the vaccines and other medication survey results showed that most of the countries have gone through the initial phases of the disease and have been moving towards the secondary findings. Age-wise and gender-wise, the study report indicates a high death rate in patients aged above 60, which may be due to their less resistance power. Significantly less spread rate and nil death rate has been observed in children aged below ten years due to their high resistance power.

Conclusion:

This survey report highlights the increase in the number of positive patients and death cases during all four lockdown periods. Further, it is stated that strict disciplinary actions against the public are required to maintain social distancing, which will reduce the positive cases. Likewise, the breakdown of human activities has been found to be the essential aspect in the COVID-19 reduction. Similarly, it was found that some of the other preventive measures like sanitization, use of masks and avoiding the possible public interaction proved to be a good measure to reduce the new cases. In addition to this, some of the proper available medication certainly supports the same.

Keywords: COVID-19 Pandemic, Economy, Karnataka state, Ayurvedic treatment, Allopathic treatment, Positive patients.